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Freedom and Security of the Person (Art.12)

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12. (1) Everyone has the right to freedom and security of the person, which includes the right -

  1. not to be deprived of freedom arbitrarily or without just cause;
  2. not to be detained without trial;
  3. to be free from all forms of violence from either public or private sources;
  4. not to be tortured in any way; and
  5. not to be treated or punished in a cruel, inhuman or degrading way.

(2) Everyone has the right to bodily and psychological integrity, which includes the right -

  1. to make decisions concerning reproduction;
  2. to security in and control over their body; and
  3. not to be subjected to medical or scientific experiments without their informed consent.


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