GBL Articles

Article 9
1. All Germans shall have the right to form associations and societies.

2. Associations, the purpose of which conflict with criminal laws or which are directed against the constitutional order or the concept of international understanding, are prohibited.

3. The right to form associations to safeguard and improve working and economic conditions is guaranteed to everyone and to all trades, occupations and professions. Agreements which restrict or seek to impair this right shall be null and void: measures directed to this end shall be illegal. Measures taken pursuant to Article 12a, to paragraphs 2. and 3. of Article 35., to paragraph 4. of Article 87a, or to Article 91, may not be directed against any industrial conflicts engaged in by associations within the meaning of the first sentence of this paragraph in order to safeguard and improve working and economic conditions.

Article 9.1.
All Germans shall have the right to form associations and societies.

Article 9.2.
Associations, the purpose or activities of which conflict with criminal laws or which are directed against the constitutional order or the concept of international understanding, are prohibited.

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