Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka No. 1 Supreme Court of The United States 347 U.S. 483; 74 S. Ct. 686; 1954 U.S. LEXIS 2094; 98 L. Ed. 873; 53 Ohio Op. 326; 38 A.L.R.2d 1180

May 17, 1954, Decided

CORE TERMS: negro, segregation, Fourteenth Amendment, decree, reargument, educational, tangible, deprive, segregated, curricula, curiae, equalization, teacher, qualifications, colored, transportation, announced, inferior, equalized, elementary, inferiority, accorded, residing, guaranteed, enjoin, deprived, amicus, undertaken, ratification, plant

SUMMARY: In each of the four cases involved the plaintiffs, Negro children, were denied admission to state public schools attended by white children under state laws requiring or permitting segregation according to race. There were findings below that the Negro and white schools involved had been equalized, or were being equalized, with respect to buildings, curricula, qualifications and salaries of teachers, and other tangible factors.

In an opinion by Warren, Ch. J., the Supreme Court unanimously held that the plaintiffs, by reason of the segregation complained of, were deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment. The "separate but equal" doctrine announced in Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 US 537, 41 L ed 256, 16 S Ct 1138, involving equality in transportation facilities, under which equality of treatment is accorded by providing Negroes and whites substantially equal, though separate, facilities, was held to have no place in the field of public education.

In view of the complex problems presented by the formulation of the decrees, the cases were restored to the docket for argument by the parties.

JUDGES: Warren, Black, Reed, Frankfurter, Douglas, Jackson, Burton, Clark, Minton

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