Lone Wolf v Ethan A Hitchcock 187 US 553 1903: Plenary authority over tribal relations has always been exercised by Congress land vested by treaty. Applying the treaty would limit and qualify the controlling authority of Congress. Plenary authority over tribal relations has always been exercised by Congress and has always deemed to be a political one, not subject to control by the judicial department. Power to abrogate from treaty does rest with Congress. Must presume Congress. acted in good faith in the dealings with the Indians and that it exercised its best judgment. If injury was occasioned relief must be sought by an appeal to that body for redress and not to the courts.

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