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Kosovo is a province of a second Yugoslav state created after World War II. The province was a Socialist Autonomous Province under the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia with a majority of ethnic Albanians in its population. Serbs wanted to retain control in this province, which is of historical significance to the Serbian people. In 1989 the province, under the new Yugoslavian Presidency of Slobodan Milosevic, was downgraded to an administrative region of Serbia, with secessionist conflict breaking out. In 1996, failing inclusion of the issue in the Dayton Peace Accords on Bosnia-Herzegovina, a Kosovo Liberation Army of ethnic Albanians formed. The conflict escalated to the present expulsion of ethnic Albanians from the province and resulting human rights and refugee crisis.
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Last updated Oct 30 , 2006

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