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1.It is understood that for the purposes of this article the terms "termination of employment" and "terminated" mean termination of employment at the initiative of the employer.
2.It is understood that this article covers all workers but that a Party may exclude from some or all of its protection the following categories of employed persons:
a. workers engaged under a contract of employment for a specified period of time or a specified task;
b. workers undergoing a period of probation or a qualifying period of employment, provided that this is determined in advance and is of a reasonable duration;
c workers engaged on a casual basis for a short period.
3.For the purpose of this article the following, in particular, shall not constitute valid reasons for termination of employment:
a. trade union membership or participation in union activities outside working hours, or, with the consent of the employer, within working hours;
b. seeking office as, acting or having acted in the capacity of a workers' representative;
c. the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws or regulations or recourse to competent administrative authorities;
d. race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion, political opinion, national extraction or social origin;
e. maternity or parental leave;
f. temporary absence from work due to illness or injury.
4.It is understood that compensation or other appropriate relief in case of termination of employment without valid reasons shall be determined by national laws or regulations, collective agreements or other means appropriate to national conditions.
1.It is understood that the competent national authority may, by way of exemption and after consulting organisations of employers and workers, exclude certain categories of workers from the protection provided in this provision by reason of the special nature of their employment relationship.
2.It is understood that the definition of the term "insolvency" must be determined by national law and practice.
3.The workers' claims covered by this provision shall include at least:
a. the workers' claims for wages relating to a prescribed period, which shall not be less than three months under a privilege system and eight weeks under a guarantee system, prior to the insolvency or to the termination of employment;
b. the workers' claims for holiday pay due as a result of work performed during the year in which the insolvency or the termination of employment occurred;
c. the workers' claims for amounts due in respect of other types of paid absence relating to a prescribed period, which shall not be less than three months under a privilege system and eight weeks under a guarantee system, prior to the insolvency or the termination of the employment.
4.National laws or regulations may limit the protection of workers' claims to a prescribed amount, which shall be of a socially acceptable level.
It is understood that this article does not require that legislation be enacted by the Parties.
It is understood that paragraph 2 does not cover sexual harassment.
It is understood that this article applies to men and women workers with family responsibilities in relation to their dependent children as well as in relation to other members of their immediate family who clearly need their care or support where such responsibilities restrict their possibilities of preparing for, entering, participating in or advancing in economic activity. The terms "dependent children" and "other members of their immediate family who clearly need their care and support" mean persons defined as such by the national legislation of the Party concerned.
Articles 28 and 29
For the purpose of the application of this article, the term "workers' representatives" means persons who are recognised as such under national legislation or practice.
It is understood that the Charter contains legal obligations of an international character, the application of which is submitted solely to the supervision provided for in Part IV thereof.
Article A, paragraph 1
It is understood that the numbered paragraphs may include articles consisting of only one paragraph.
Article B, paragraph 2
For the purpose of paragraph 2 of Article B, the provisions of the revised Charter correspond to the rovisions of the Charter with the same article or paragraph number with the exception of:
a. Article 3, paragraph 2, of the revised Charter which corresponds to Article 3, paragraphs 1 and 3, of the Charter;
b. Article 3, paragraph 3, of the revised Charter which corresponds to Article 3, paragraphs 2 and 3, of the Charter;
c. Article 10, paragraph 5, of the revised Charter which corresponds to Article 10, paragraph 4, of the Charter;
d. Article 17, paragraph 1, of the revised Charter which corresponds to Article 17 of the Charter.
A differential treatment based on an objective and reasonable justification shall not be deemed discriminatory.
The terms "in time of war or other public emergency" shall be so understood as to cover also the threat of war.
It is understood that workers excluded in accordance with the appendix to Articles 21 and 22 are not taken into account in establishing the number of workers concerned.
The term "amendment" shall be extended so as to cover also the addition of new articles to the Charter.