Chapter 2 Duties
Duties to society.
Article XXIX. It is the duty of the individual so to conduct himself in relation to others
that each and every one may fully form and develop his personality.
Duties toward children and parents.
Article XXX. It is the duty of every person to aid, support, educate and protect his minor
children, and it is the duty of children to honor their parents always and to aid, support
and protect them when they need it.
Duty to receive instruction.
Article XXXI. It is the duty of every person to acquire at least an elementary education.
Duty to vote.
Article XXXII. It is the duty of every person to vote in the popular elections of the
country of which he is a national, when he is legally capable of doing so.
Duty to obey the law
Article XXXIII. It is the duty of every person to obey the law and other legitimate
commands of the authorities of his country and those of the country in which he may be.
Duty to serve the community and the nation.
Article XXXIV. It is the duty of every able-bodied person to render whatever civil and
military service his country may require for its defense and preservation, and, in case of
public disaster, to render such services as may be in his power.
It is likewise his duty to hold any public office to which he may be elected by popular
vote in the state of which he is a national.
Duties with respect to social security and welfare.
Article XXXV. It is the duty of every person to cooperate with the state and the community
with respect to social security and welfare, in accordance with his ability and with
Duty to pay taxes.
Article XXXVI. It is the duty of every person to pay the taxes established by law for the
support of public services.
Duty to work.
Article XXXVII. It is the duty of every person to work, as far as his capacity and
possibilities permit, in order to obtain the means of livelihood or to benefit his
Duty to refrain from political activities in a foreign country.
Article XXXVIII. It is the duty of every person to refrain from taking part in political
activities that, according to law, are reserved exclusively to the citizens of the state
in which he is an alien.