Right to leisure time and to the use thereof.
Article XV. Every person has the right to leisure time, to wholesome recreation, and to
the opportunity for advantageous use of his free time to his spiritual, cultural and
Right to social security.
Article XVI. Every person has the right to social security which will protect him from the
consequences of unemployment, old age, and any disabilities arising from causes beyond his
control that make it physically or mentally impossible for him to earn a living.
Right to recognition of juridical personality and civil rights.
Article XVII. Every person has the right to be recognized everywhere as a person having
rights and obligations, and to enjoy the basic civil rights.
Right to a fair trial.
Article XVIII. Every person may resort to the courts to ensure respect for his legal
rights. There should likewise be available to him a simple, brief procedure whereby the
courts will protect him from acts of authority that, to his prejudice, violate any
fundamental constitutional rights.
Right to nationality.
Article XIX. Every person has the right to the nationality to which he is entitled by law
and to change it, if he so wishes, for the nationality of any other country that is
willing to grant it to him.
Right to vote and to participate in government.
Article XX. Every person having legal capacity is entitled to participate in the
government of his country, directly or through his representatives, and to take part in
popular elections, which shall be by secret ballot, and shall be honest, periodic and
Right of assembly.
Article XXI. Every person has the right to assemble peaceably with others in a formal
public meeting or an informal gathering, in connection with matters of common interest of
Right of association.
Article XXII. Every person has the right to associate with others to promote, exercise and
protect his legitimate interests of a political, economic, religious, social, cultural,
professional, labor union or other nature.
Right to property.
Article XXIII. Every person has a right to own such private property as meets the
essential needs of decent living and helps to maintain the dignity of the individual and
of the home.
Right of petition.
Article XXIV. Every person has the right to submit respectful petitions to any competent
authority, for reasons of either general or private interest, and the right to obtain a
prompt decision thereon.
Right of protection from arbitrary arrest.
Article XXV. No person may be deprived of his liberty except in the cases and according to
the procedures established by pre-existing law.
No person may be deprived of liberty for nonfulfillment of obligations of a purely
Every individual who has been deprived of his liberty has the right to have the
legality of his detention ascertained without delay by a court, and the right to be tried
without undue delay or, otherwise, to be released. He also has the right to humane
treatment during the time he is in custody.
Right to due process of law.
Article XXVI. Every accused person is presumed to be innocent until proved guilty.
Every person accused of an offense has the right to be given an impartial and public
hearing, and to be tried by courts previously established in accordance with pre-existing
laws, and not to receive cruel, infamous or unusual punishment.
Right of asylum.
Article XXVII. Every person has the right, in case of pursuit not resulting from ordinary
crimes, to seek and receive asylum in foreign territory, in accordance with the laws of
each country and with international agreements.
Scope of the rights of man.
Article XXVIII. The rights of man are limited by the rights of others, by the security of
all, and by the just demands of the general welfare and the advancement of democracy.