1.Everyone has the right to
freedom of peaceful assembly and to freedom of association with others, including the
right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.
2.No restrictions shall be placed on the exercise of these rights other than such as
are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of
national security or public safety, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the
protection of health or morals or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.
this article shall not prevent the imposition of lawful restrictions on the exercise of
these rights by members of the armed forces, of the police or of the administration of the
Men and women of marriageable age have the right to marry and to found a family,
according to the national laws governing the exercise of this right.
Everyone whose rights and freedoms as set forth in this Convention are violated shall
have an effective remedy before a national authority notwithstanding that the violation
has been committed by persons acting in an official capacity.
The enjoyment of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Convention shall be secured
without discrimination on any ground such as sex, race, colour, language, religion,
political or other opinion, national or social origin, association with a national
minority, property, birth or other status.
1.In time of war or other public emergency threatening the life of the nation any High
Contracting Party may take measures derogating from its obligations under this Convention
to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, provided that such
measures are not inconsistent with its other obligations under international law.
2.No derogation from Article 2, except in respect of deaths resulting from lawful acts
of war, or from Articles 3, 4 (paragraph 1) and 7 shall be made under this provision.
3.Any High Contracting Party availing itself of this right of derogation shall keep the
Secretary-General of the Council of Europe fully informed of the measures which it has
taken and the reasons therefor. It shall also inform the Secretary-General of the Council
of Europe when such measures have ceased to operate and the provisions of the Convention
are again being fully executed.
Nothing in Articles 10, 11, and 14 shall be regarded as preventing the High Contracting
Parties from imposing restrictions on the political activity of aliens.
Nothing in this Convention may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or
person any right to engage in any activity or perform any act aimed at the destruction on
any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein or at their limitation to a greater extent
than is provided for in the Convention.
The restrictions permitted under this Convention to the said rights and freedoms shall
not be applied for any purpose other than those for which they have been prescribed.
To ensure the observance of the engagements undertaken by the High Contracting Parties
in the present Convention, there shall be set up:
1.A European Commission of Human Rights hereinafter referred to as 'the Commission';
2.A European Court of Human Rights, hereinafter referred to as 'the Court'.