Remedies for Violations of Rights
Public Remedies Under Domestic Law
  Enforcement by the State, in General Enforcement by the State Through Special Bodies
  South African Constitution §7(2) ("the State must respect, protect, promote, and fulfil the rights in the Bill of Rights"), see also provisions in specific sections, e.g. §§9(2), 24-27 Chapter 9 establishes a Public Protector, a Human Rights Commission, and other thematic bodies.  The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established legislatively, by the Promotion of National Unity and Reconciliation Act No. 87 of 1995.
French 1958 Constitution (no provisions found) Under Arts. 69-71, the Conseil Economique et Social will give its opinion on draft legislation, decrees, or regulations that may be submitted to it.  Certain programmatic laws must be submitted for its opinion.  The govermenent may consult with it on any economic or social issue.
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (no provision) (no provision)
Constitution of Argentina Art. 75(23) authorizes Congress to guarantee all the Constitional rights and equality of opportunity and treatment. Art. 86 creates an Ombudsman [el defensor del pueblo], appointed by Congress but independent in function, with power to litigate to protect all human and constitutional rights.  See also Art. 43, ¶2 (authorizing the Ombudsman to bring an "amparo" action when there has been discrimination, or violation of other rights of a collective nature).
United States Constitution Several Amendments authorize Congress to enforce individual rights through legislation, including the 13th (slavery), the 14th (due process, equal protection, and citizenship), the 15th (racial voting rights), the 19th (gender voting rights), and the 23rd, 24th, and 26th (voting rights). See Tribe §5-2, at 797-98; id. §§5-14 – 5-17. (no provision)
Constitution of India (no explicit provision) (no provision)
Würzburg Key System (Key has not yet been developed) Key 544 (establishment of an Ombudsman)
International Instruments
  Universal Declaration of Human rights (no provision) (no provision)
Int’l Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ICCPR Art. 2 (each State "undertakes" to "ensure to all individuals within its territory and subject to its jurisdiction" the rights in the ICCPR, and to enact all necessary legislation) (no provision)

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