Rights of Individuals: Economic, Social, and Cultural
Cultural Rights
  Right to Participate in a Culture of One's Choice Right to Use a Language of One's Choice Equality of Multiple Official Languages
Constitutions
  South African Constitution §30 §30, see also §29(1) (right to education in one’s language of choice)  
French 1958 Constitution No provisions, but see the discussion under Social Rights of the freedom of private education. (no provision) (no provision)
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (no provision) §22 (does not grant new rights, but states that the Charter does not abrogate any existing right to languages other than English and French). §§16-21 (English and French have equal status and may be used freely in all Parliamentary proceedings, in the federal courts, and in communicating with the federal government), and §23 (right to choose English or French for the education of one’s children).
Constitution of Argentina (no provision) This right is protected for indigenous peoples, under Art. 75(17). (no provision)
United States Constitution There may be a limited Constitutional right of this sort implied in the 1st Amendment. See comment at left. (no provision)
Constitution of India Art. 29(1) (right of minorities to preserve their culture and language), and Art. 30 (right of minorities to establish education institutions).  For analysis of Art. 30, see Tope, at 243-54.  There is a duty of the State to promote participation in "social and cultural opportunities."  Art. 43.  This duty cannot be enforced by the courts.  Art. 37. See provisions cited at left. Under Arts. 343-51, there is a single official language (Hindi), but there are protections for other regional languages.
Würzburg Key System (Key has not yet been developed) (Key has not yet been developed) (Key has not yet been developed)
International Instruments
  Universal Declaration of Human rights Art. 27(1) ("the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community") (no provision) (no provision)
Int’l Covenant on Civil and Political Rights This right is protected for ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities, under ICCPR Art. 27. This right is protected for ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities, under ICCPR Art. 27. (no provision)

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