Comparative Constitutional Rights Chart

References Cited

Short Form Used in the Chart Full Citation of the Referenced Work
Allen Tom Allen, The Right to Property in Commonwealth Constitutions (2000).
Bell John Bell, French Constitutional Law (1992).
Chandler Ralph C. Chandler, Richard A. Enslen, Peter G. Renstrom, [United States] Constitutional Law Deskbook: Individual Rights (2d ed. 1993 & Supp. 1999).
de Waal et al. Johan de Waal, Iain Currie, Gerhard Erasmus, The Bill of Rights [of South Africa] Handbook (2d ed. 1999).
Dickson Brice Dickson, Protecting Human Rights Through a Constitutional Court: The Case of South Africa, 66 Fordham L. Rev. 531 (1997).
Langa Hon. Pius N. Langa, The Role of the Constitutional Court in the Enforcement and Protection of Human Rights in South Africa, 41 St. Louis L.J. 1259 (1997).
Levin Janet Koven Levit, The Constitutionalization of Human Rights in Argentina: Problem or Promise?, 37 Colum. J. Transnat'l L. 281 (1999).
Macklem et al. P. Macklem et al, Canadian Constitutional Law, Vol II (1994).
Meehan et al. Eugene Meehan et al., The 2000 Annotated Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (1999).
Mosikatsana Tshepo L. Mosikatsana, Children's Rights and Family Autonomy in The South African Context: A Comment on Children's Rights Under the Final Constitution, 3 Mich. J. Race & L. 341 (1998).
Rao P. Chandrasekhara Rao, The Indian Constitution and International Law (1993)..
Rotunda Ronald D. Rotunda, John E. Nowak, Treatise on [United States] Constitutional Law: Substance and Procedure (3d ed 1999).
Sagüés Néstor Pedro Sagüés, An Introduction and Commentary to the Reform of the Argentine National Constitution, 28 U. Miami Inter-Am. L. Rev. 41 (Keith S. Rosenn trans., 1996).
Schneiderman Freedom of Expression and the [Canadian] Charter (David Schneiderman ed., 1991).
Tope Constitutional Law of India (2d ed. 1992).
Tribe Laurence H. Tribe, American Constitutional Law (3d ed. Vol. I, 2000).


Other Important References

Canadian Department of Justice, Canadian Charter of Rights: Decision Digest, at (last modified Feb. 2, 2000).
        This is a valuable research tool providing analysis of each Charter provision with a high level of detail, and citing and summarizing relevant caselaw.  Additional information is provided for many sections, such as drafting history and general principles of interpretation that have been applied by the courts.

Jonathan M. Miller, Argentina, in Constitutions of the Countries of the World (Gisbert H. Flanz ed., Jonathan M. Miller & Fang-Lian Liao trans., Sept. 1999).
        This authoritative English translation of the Argentine Constitution of 1994 was consulted in preparing the Argentine entries for the Comparative Constitutional Right Chart.  It is accompanied by a brief historical and political note on the Argentine constitutions.  An additional translation, provided on the web site of the Argentine Senate, is available at, but this site often fails to respond or is slow loading.

Janet Koven Levit, The Constitutionalization of Human Rights in Argentina: Problem or Promise?, 37 Colum. J. Transnat'l L. 281, Appendix Tables 2-3 at 345-55 (1999).
        In Table 3, the author provides an extremely useful comparison of the civil and political rights protections embodied in nine Latin American constitutions in effect as of 1998 (Bolivia, Venezuela, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, Peru, Brazil, Colombia, and Ecuador).  The chart is based upon the contents of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), and the provisions of the ICCPR appear in numerical order in the left-hand column.  Also analyzed are the provisions of the American Convention on Human Rights.  Unfortunately, table entries consist solely of the number of the relevant article of each constitution.
        In Table 2, the author provides a similar chart-based analysis of the civil and political provisions of the Argentine Constitutions of 1853 and of 1994.  Somewhat more detailed analysis is provided than in Table 3.

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